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Learn more about beer
- What is beer made of?
Beer is made with 4 main ingredients: a grain, usually barley, water, hops and yeast. You can also add various spices, macerated fruits or eau-de-vie to flavour it.
- How is beer made?
The production of beer goes through several stages: malting, the harvested barley is germinated and then dried; during brewing, water is added to the reduced flour malt to form a paste which will be brought to a boil; fermentation, which takes place by adding the yeasts at a defined temperature; cellaring, the beer is matured then filtered, and finally the packaging, the beer is bottled or put in keg.
- Where does beer come from?
Beer is the oldest known and most consumed alcoholic drink in the world. We find the first written traces 4000 years BC with the first cereal crops, and therefore barley, of the Sumerian civilization. The barley was then simply boiled and dried in the sun.
- What does the colour of the beer mean?
We tend to think that the darker a beer, the stronger it is, but this is a misconception. The colour of the beer is not linked to its level of bitterness or degree of alcohol, but comes from the malt, which is more or less roasted during the kilning step, depending on the desired aromas.
- What is the difference between blonde, brown and amber beer?
The colour of the beer changes depending on the temperature at which the malt is roasted. The higher the temperature, the darker the malt : it goes the same way for the colour of the beer which is first blonde, then amber, then brown. It will also influence the flavours of the beer.
- What is the difference between white and blonde beer?
Blond beer is produced from malted barley, it is its light roasting that gives it this colour. As far as white beer is concerned, it is not a question of degree of roasting but of its main ingredient, wheat.
- What is an IPA?
An IPA, which stands for Indian Pale Ale, is a heavily hopped English-origin ale that was originally designed to withstand the boat trip from England to India. Today, you can also find Irish Pale Ale and American Pale Ale.
- Which beer to use in cooking?
To cook fish or raw vegetables, you may opt for a white beer or a blonde that also goes very well with white meats. An amber is perfect for a marinade with grilled meats. And the brown will go perfectly with red meats.
- How to store beer?
Beer should be stored away from light and heat, avoiding sudden changes in temperature. Beers in bottles and cans with caps are preferably stored upright while beers with corks are lying down.
- Is beer better in a bottle than in a can?
Upon contact with light, beer produces a molecule that will give it a bad smell. This is why it is packaged in tinted glass bottles or in a can. It will therefore not taste better in cans than in a bottle, provided it is poured into a beer glass, but will keep better.
- What are double beers and triple beers?
These beers are higher in alcohol, these adjectives don't come from the number of fermentations they have undergone as we may think. A double is often a dark beer with a grading of around 6° while a triple can be a blonde, amber or dark beer grading between 7 and 9°.
- What is a guard beer ?
The term guard beer is mostly used in the North of France and refers to a lager, amber or dark beer that undergoes prolonged maturation after fermentation, often in casks before being bottled in bottles with a muzzled cork stopper.